We live in an “old” area here in MD with a lot of history. Being able to identify homes from different time periods has been an important part of my work as a home inspector here.
In the 200-year period from 1600, the Europeans colonized North America and this brought different building styles. Below, you will see this time period as well as the journey we have seen up to the mid 1800’s;
German (until 1850) – With thick sandstone walls, these can be found mostly in New York but also in Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Ohio.
Spanish (until 1900) – Commonly found in the Southwest, California, and the American South, these types of houses were often built from stucco, rocks, adobe brick, and coquina – they also featured thick walls and small windows.
New England (until 1740) – In truth, these are quite easy to spot thanks to narrow eaves and steep roofs on timber frames. For the most part, they feature in Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, New York, and Vermont.
Others – During the American Colonial period, many other nationalities brought their own styles including Dutch, Georgian, Cape Cod, and French.
Classical (1780 to 1860) – During this period, it was the founding of the United States and inspiration was taken from ancient Greece. Therefore, symmetry was common along with various other styles such as Tidewater, Antebellum, and Greek Revival.